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Honey Bee

Western Honey Bee

The Honey Bee, scientifically known as Apis Mellifera, is a species of bee found all over the world. It is considered one of the most important species of insects due to its role in pollination and the production of honey. Honey Bees live in social colonies, where they work together to gather nectar from flowers, make honey, and care for their young.


  • Honeybees are relatively small insects, measuring approximately 1.2 to 1.5 cm in length. They have a compact, rounded body with short legs and a pair of wings.
  • Honey bees are typically golden-yellow to brown in colour, with black stripes on their abdominal segments.
  • Their wings are clear and iridescent, which gives them a shimmering appearance.
  • The head of a honey bee is relatively large and is covered in tiny eyes and antennae.
  • They have a pair of large, compound eyes that are capable of detecting movement and light, as well as two small antennae that they use to detect pheromones and other scents.
  • The thorax of a honey bee is covered in thick, bristly hairs, and it is the section of the body where its wings and legs are attached.
  • The abdomen of a honey bee is long and slender, and it is where they store their honey and food. It is also where their stinger is located, which they use to defend their colony from predators.
  • Honey bees have six legs, which are covered in tiny hairs. They use their legs to climb, carry pollen, and clean their bodies.

Honey Bee

Life Cycle

  • The queen bee lays eggs in individual cells of the honeycomb.
  • The eggs hatch into larvae and are fed a mixture of nectar, pollen, and royal jelly by the worker bees.
  • After several days, the larvae spin cocoons and transform into pupae.
  • After about 10 days, the pupae emerge as adult bees.
  • When a colony becomes too large, the queen and a portion of the bees will swarm to a new location to start a new colony.
  • In colder climates, the colony will huddle together to keep warm and conserve energy during the winter.
  • The cycle repeats as the colony grows and the queen continues to lay eggs, ensuring the survival of the colony.


  • Honey bees are social insects that live in large communities, called hives. Hives consist of a queen bee, drones, and workers.
  • When a hive becomes overcrowded, a portion of the bees will leave and form a new colony. This process is called swarming, and it is how honey bees reproduce and spread.
  • Honey bees are protective of their hives and will defend them from perceived threats. If a colony is disturbed, bees will release pheromones that signal other bees to defend the hive.
  • Bees play important roles in maintaining the health and stability of the hive. Some bees clean the hive, others build and repair the comb, and others help to regulate the temperature.
  • Honey bees are able to survive in colder climates by preparing for winter. Bees will store honey in the comb, which they use as a food source during the winter months.