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European Honey Bee

Introduction of European Honey Bee

The European Honey Bee, also known as the Western Honey Bee, is a species of honey bee native to Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. They have been widely introduced around the world and are now found on every continent.

Importance of Honey Bees in Our Eco-system

  • Honey bees are vital pollinators that help in the reproduction of flowering plants, including many food crops.
  • They play a crucial role in the production of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds that form a significant part of our diet.
  • Honey bees contribute to biodiversity by pollinating wildflowers and supporting ecosystems.
  • Honey, a product of honey bees, has been used by humans for centuries as a natural sweetener and for its medicinal properties.
  • The decline of honey bee populations can have a severe impact on food production and the overall health of our environment.


  • The European Honey Bee is usually yellow and black in colour, with a distinctive pattern of stripes on its body.
  • An average European Honey Bee is about 10-15 mm long.
  • The body of a this be is oval and fuzzy, with two pairs of wings that overlap to form a straight line when at rest.
  • The European Honey Bee has two antennae on the top of its head, which it uses to sense its surroundings.
  • The European Honey Bee has three pairs of legs, which are used for walking and carrying pollen.
  • The wings of a European Honey Bee are transparent and delicate, with a brown or black tint.
  • The European Honey Bee has a barbed stinger, which it uses to defend itself and its colony.
  • The abdomen of a European Honey Bee is long and narrow and is where it stores its honey and pollen.
  • The head of a this species is small and round, with two large compound eyes and two antennae.

Overview Of Their Behaviour And Social Structure Within Colonies

  • European Honey Bees live together in groups called colonies.
  • The colony has three types of bees: queen bees, worker bees, and drones.
  • The queen bee is the leader and lays eggs.
  • Worker bees are females who do different jobs like gathering food, building the hive, and taking care of the babies.
  • Drones are male bees whose main job is to mate with the queen.
  • Bees talk to each other using dances and smells.
  • European Honey Bees work together as a team to survive and thrive.

European Honey Bee

Life Cycle

  • The life cycle of a European Honey Bee begins with the queen bee laying an egg in a cell of the honeycomb.
  • The egg hatches into a larva, which is fed by the worker bees with a mixture of honey, pollen, and bee secretions.
  • After five days, the larva molts into a pupa.
  • After eight days, the pupa emerges as an adult bee.
  • The colony enters a period of inactivity during the winter months. The worker bees cluster around the queen to keep her warm and alive.
  • In the spring, the colony awakes from its period of inactivity, and the queen starts laying eggs to build up the colony again.


  • This Bees form large colonies that consist of thousands of individual bees and a single queen bee.
  • European Honey Bees have a complex communication system that involves dancing, pheromones, and buzzing sounds. They use this to signal the location of food sources and to alert other bees to potential threats.
  • European Hone Bees build their nests in hollow tree trunks, rock crevices, or man-made structures such as bee hives. They construct wax combs to store honey, pollen, and eggs.
  • European Honey Bee are highly defensive of their colony and will attack potential predators to protect their queen and young.
  • European Honey Bees have a highly organized division of labour within their colony. Younger bees perform tasks such as nursing and cleaning, while older bees forage for food.
  • Bees survive the winter by clustering together to conserve heat and to keep the queen bee warm. They feed on the stored honey they have produced during the summer months.